**Medical College of Soochow University Teaching Outline of Fundamental of Physics **

(For the Overseas Students of Medicine)

Preview

This is a basic course for students majoring in science and technology except for physics . The content covers classical mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, optics and the laws of microscopic systems. By helping students master basic laws and theories in these fields and know the application of physics in modern life and technology, the course aims to promote the scientific ability of students and offers a good basis for studying the other following courses.

Texts

“Physics”, by Tippens, 7 th Edition

Topics:

Part 1 Classical mechanics (Chapters 1-18)

Topic 1: Motion

Contents:

Variables to characterize the motion of a mass point; relativity of motion

Points:

To master the variables such as position vector, velocity, acceleration etc. ; to master the laws of the motion along a straight line and circular motion . To understand the relativity of motion.

Topic 2: Force and motion

Contents:

Newton ' s laws and the applications; fiction, terminal speed.

Points:

To master the Newton ' s laws and the applications; to understand the properties of friction; to master the calculation of the terminal speed.

Topic 3: Conservation of mechanical energy

Contents:

The concepts of work, kinetic energy, potential energy etc.; the work-kinetic energy theorem; the principle of conservation of mechanical energy; the work-energy principle

Points:

To master the work-kinetic energy theorem and the work-energy principle obeyed in the motion of a mass point; to master the principle of conservation of mechanical energy and its applications.

Topic 4: Collisions and linear momentum

Contents:

Impulse and linear momentum; the conservation of linear momentum; momentum and kinet5ic energy in collisions; different types of collisions.

Points:

To master the concept of collision, impulse and linear momentum; to master the conservation of linera momentum; to understand the processes of different types of collisions.

Topic 5: Rotation of a rigid body

Contents:

Different types of motion of a rigid body; the concepts of angular momentum and rotational inertia; Newton ' s second law for rotation; conservation of angular momentum.

Points:

To master the concept of kinetic energy and angular momentum of a rigid body rotating around a fixed axis; to master the Newton ' s second law for rotation, the angular momentum theorem and the conservation of angular momentum. To master the work done by a torque.

Topic 6: Fluids

Contents:

Flow of ideal fluids; the equation of continuity; the Bernoulli ' s equation.

Points:

To understand the flow of ideal fluids; to master the Bernoulli ' s equation.

Topic 7: Oscillations

Contents:

The description, the force law and the energy of harmonic oscillation; pendulums; the projection of uniform circular motion; damped harmonic motion and forced oscillations.

Points:

To master the cosine expression of harmonic oscillation and the concepts of rotation vectors and phase. To master the concept of period, frequency, energy of free oscillation. To understand the motion of simple pendulums and physical pendulums. To understand damped oscillation and forced oscillation.

Topic 8: Waves

Contents:

The cosine expression of plane wave; the energy and the energy density of a wave, interference , the Doppler effect.

Points:

To understand the generation and propagation of mechanical waves. To understand the cosine expression and its significance of a harmonic plane wave. To understand the energy and the energy density of waves. To master the interference of waves and to understand the Doppler effects.

Part 2 Thermodynamics(Chapters 19-21)

Topic 9: The first law of thermodynamics

Contents:

Thermal equilibrium state; the zeroth law of thermodynamics, the first law of thermodynamics and some special cases; heat transfer mechanisms.

Points:

To master the first law of thermodynamics and its applications. To understand the concepts of temperature and heat. To understand heat transfer mechanisms.

Topic 10: The kinetic theory of gases

Contents:

Macroscopic description of ideal gases; the ideal gas law; the microscopic explanation to the pressure and temperature of ideal gases; the equipartition of energy theorem; Maxwell speed distribution; mean free path; molar specific heats; adiabatic process.

Points:

To master the ideal gas law. To understand how to find the relation between microscopic variables and macroscopic variables for gases by statistics; To understand the equipartition of energy theorem. To master the special heats of gas. To know the Maxwell ' s speed distribution and to understand the concept of mean free path. To master the adiabatic processes.

Topic 11: Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics

Contents:

The second law of thermodynamics ; irreversible processes; cycles; the Carnot engine; the engine efficiency; entropy; the entropy postulate; explanation of the second law of thermodynamics from a statistical view.

Points:

To understand the descriptions of the second law of thermodynamics; to understand irreversible processes; To master the Carnot cycle and the Carnot theorem. To calculate the efficiency of an engine. To understand the concept of entropy. To understand the entropy postulate and the statistical view.

Part 3: Electromagnetism(Chapters 22-33)

Topic 12: Electrostatics

Contents:

Electric charge, Coulomb ' s law, electric field, electric potential, Gauss ' law.

Points:

To master the Coulomb ' s law, the definitions and the calculation of electric field and electric potential. To understand the Gauss ' law for electrostatic field and the work done by the electric force.

Topic 13: Conductors and dielectric in electric field

Contents:

Electrostatic induction of conductors; polarization of dielectric; capacitance and capacitors, the energy stored in an electric field.

Points:

To master the conditions of electrostatic induction of conductors. To understand the polarization process of dielectric. To master the calculation of the capacitance of capacitors. To master the calculation of the energy stored in an electric field.

Topic 14: Current and circuits

Contents:

Current density, microscopic view of Ohm ' s law, emf, solutions of circuits

Points:

To master the Ohm ' s law and understand the corresponding microscopic view. To master the concept of emf. To understand the techniques of applying differential equations to solve a circuit.

Topic 15: Magnetic fields

Contents:

The concept of magnetic field, Ampere ' s force, the magnetic field due to currents, Gauss ' law for magnetic field, Ampere ' s law.

Points:

To master the concept of magnetic field and Biot-Savart ' s law. To master the effects of magnetic field on currents. To understand the Gauss ' law for magnetic field and the Ampere ' s law.

Topic 16: Electromagnetic induction

Contents:

Phenomena of electromagnetic induction, Faraday ' s induction law, Lenz ' s law, eddy current, eddy electric field, self and mutual inductance, energy of magnetic field.

Points:

To master the Faraday ' s induction law and Lenz ' s law. To master the emf induced by motion and by time-varying magnetic field. To understand eddy currents and induced electric field. To master the calculation of mutual inductance, self inductance and magnetic-field energy.

Topic 17: Magnetism of Matter

Contents:

Magnetic materials and magnetization. Ferromagnetism.

Points:

To understand different types of magnetic materials and the corresponding characteristics of magnetization. To understand the origin of magnetism.

Topic 18: Maxwe ll' s equations

Contents:

Displacement curren t, induced magnetic field, the Ampere-Maxwell ' s law, Maxwell ' s equations

Points:

To understand the concept of displacement current and induced magnetic field. To master the Ampere -Maxwell' s law. To know the Maxwell theory of electromagnetic fields.

Part 4 Electromagnetic waves and optics(Chapters 34-38)

Topic 19: Electromagnetic waves and polarized light

Contents:

Electromagnetic waves. The ways to polarize a light and to check the polarization of a light. Brewster ' s law and Brewster ' s angle, reflection and refraction.

Points:

To know the basic characteristics of electromagnetic waves. To know the properties of natural light and linear polarized light. To master the Brewster ' s law and the total internal reflection.

Topic 20: Geometric optics

Contents:

Two types of image; mirror and lens, optical instruments.

Points:

To know the types of image and the image formation by different mirrors and lens. To know the typical optical instruments and their functions.

Topic 21: Interference

Contents:

Huygen s' principle, Double-slit interference, thin-film interference and the Michelson ' s interfer ometer.

Points:

To understand the Huygen ' s principle. To master the interference characteristics of coherence light. To master the double-slit interference, the thin-film interference , the Newton ' s ring and the Michelson ' s interferometer.

Topic 22: Diffraction

Contents:

Fresnel Bright spot, diffraction patterns, diffraction gratings, Rayleigh ' s criterion, x-ray diffraction

Points:

To master the single-slit diffraction and the grating equation. To understand the double-slilt diffraction, the circular-aperture diffraction and the Rayleith ' s criterion. To understand the Bragg ' s equation.

Topic 23 : Special Relativity

Contents:

The relativity principle and the concept of time-space in classical physics, the postulates of special relativity, the Lorentz transformation, the concept of time-space in special relativity, relativistic dynamics

Points:

To understand the postulates of special relativity, to master the Lorentz transformation, to understand the relativity of time-space and dynamics.

Part 5 Introduction to quantum mechanics and atomics (Chap. 39-42)

Topic 24: Photons and matter waves

Contents:

The concept of photon; the photoelectric effect, the Compton ' s experiment, matter waves, wave-particle duality

Points:

To understand the concept of photon. To understand the photoelectric effect and the Compton shift. To understand the de Broglie wave and the wave-particle duality.

Topic 25: Introduction to quantum physics

Contents:

The concept of photon; the photoelectric effect, the Compton ' s experiment, matter waves, wave functions, the Schrodinger ' s equation, Heisenberg ' s uncertainty principle

Points: ,

To understand the uncertainty principle, the wave function and the concept of probability density. To know the form and the simple applications of Schrodinger ' s equation.

Topic 26: Atoms and Solids

Contents:

Model of the hydrogen atom, electron spins, the shell structure of atoms, laser, energy bands, electrical properties of solids

Points:

To master the quantum model of the hydrogen atom. To master the conept of spin and the shell structure of atoms. To know the mechanism of laser. To understand the concept of energy band and different electrical properties of solids.